Cerebritis is a medical term referring to the inflammation of the brain tissue and as the swelling caused by the inflammation grows, the patient may experience different cerebritis symptoms. Cerebritis is caused by infections in the brain and it is mainly a symptom itself.
Although the main cause of cerebritis is infections, patients with lupus (an autoimmune inflammatory disorder) frequently develop a certain degree of inflammation of the brain tissue. Lupus can cause other symptoms such as red patches on the cheeks which may also extend to the rest of the face, neck and other parts of the body. Discoid lupus is a condition that only affects the skin. Systemic lupus on the other hand, is a condition that can cause sudden symptoms or symptoms that develop over months or years. Commonly, systemic lupus is signaled by chronic fatigue.
It is estimated that more than half of the patients with lupus from the United States suffer from a degree or another of lupus cerebritis.
An accurate lupus cerebritis diagnosis must be established prior to following a specific treatment plan. The lupus cerebritis diagnosis is quite difficult to make. The disease can result in mild to severe symptoms which include headaches, seizures, stroke, dementia, peripheral neuropathy, cerebellar ataxia (the inability to coordinate the muscles, usually on one side of the body), chorea (involuntary movements), psychosis, and others. However, laboratory tests and imaging tests can help in diagnosing the condition.
Before starting the cerebritis treatment, it is important to accurately establish what causes the inflammation in the first place. Cerebritis is not only a result of lupus but it can be caused by a wide range of infections that either start in the brain or travel to the brain through blood. Brain inflammation can be a result or either bacterial infection such as meningitis or fungal infections. The first is mainly treated with broad spectrum antibiotics while the latter is cured with antifungal medication. Cerebritis treatment varies based several factors including the age of the patient, the general health condition of the patient, the specific type of disease that is causing the inflammation and the severity of the disease. For example, cerebritis may lead to brain abscesses which are medical emergencies and which are treated with antibiotics or antifungal drugs or surgery. In this particular case, surgery may remove that abscess but only if it is not too deep in the brain and if it is not too large. Thus, so many factors must be taken under consideration when establishing a specific treatment schema for a patient wit cerebritis.
Cerebritis is however a severe medical condition. As the symptoms evolve and worsen, patients may develop severe and life-threatening conditions such as heart-related death-causing diseases or stroke or coma. It is recommended that patients who experience sudden symptoms of cerebritis are brought to the nearest hospital as soon as possible.
As a conclusion, cerebritis symptoms may develop gradually and that makes it difficult to recognize them in the first place but given the severity of the condition, anyone who is at risk of developing it must be aware of them.